Plastic surgery is a surgical specialization involving the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of any part of the human body. It can be divided into two categories: reconstructive surgery and cosmetic or aesthetic surgery. The reconstructive medicine includes craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns. While cosmetic or aesthetic medicine aims to reconstruct a part of the human body or improve its function, cosmetic surgery aims at enhancing the appearance of it.
Quick History of Plastic Surgery
The history of plastic surgery facts is an interestingly long and storied one. Historians consider that plastic surgery has been ongoing since at least 2,500 BC. By 800 BC, Indian doctors were already working reconstructive surgeries. The physician Susrata is regarded as the father of Indian plastic surgery, especially rhinoplasty. He practiced his craft around 500 BC.
So renown were Indian methods of rhinoplasty that in the 18th and 19th centuries western plastic surgeons traveled to India to study how their doctors performed this type of operations. Even before this, the Italian doctor pioneer Gaspare Tagliacozzi had written a treatise on plastic surgery, including rhinoplasty. His approach was distinct from the Indian method in that the new nose was created from a flap of skin from the patient’s arm.
Two of the more interesting cosmetic surgery facts arise from why rhinoplasty was so crucial to Indian and Italian surgeons. In India, people had their noses cut off for committing crimes, while in Italy people lost their noses in war. But today, there are many doctors on plastic surgery procedures. You can see the best plastic surgeons in Utah, Florida, Texas, California, and many states in the US.
The Fascinating Plastic Surgery Facts
One more exciting plastic surgery facts is that the flap of skin used in Tagliacozzi’s rhinoplasty stayed connected to the patient’s arm until it formed a blood supply from the face. This method or technique meant the patient had to live with his arm raised against his face until the operations healed. Afterwards, the flap was severed and sculpted into a serviceable nose.
Today, modern plastic surgery came into its own with the advent of World War I, when soldiers and volunteers suffered grotesquely disfiguring injuries. Training in all operations, mainly plastic surgery, began even before the war under the auspices of Dr. Hippolyte Morestin, who specialized in reconstructive surgeries of the human’s face and jaw.
The first ever operation done by the maxillofacial deformities Dr. Morestin were caused by tumors. His techniques were then used to cure and handle the facial traumas of soldiers. As the war went on, Armenian-born Dr. Varaztad Kazanjian improved upon these methods and techniques. By World War II, military plastic surgery centers were set up around the United States.